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The Story of Indian Educational Schemes and Way forward | EASTfacts

 “By Education, I mean an all-round drawing of the best in child and man in body, mind and spirit”

                                                                                                                               -Mahatma Gandhi

Educational schemes in India:

Education is the most important tool for the overall development of an individual. It has a significant role in the socio-economic development of society. It is the hope of development and success for most of the third world countries and the world’s developed countries. The most crucial objective of development of any developing country is to make its teens and youth well educated and skilled to contribute to its economic growth constructively. Being a developing country, India has been putting efforts to better its education system ever since independence. The education system in India has gone through a lot of changes over the years as per the growing needs and demands. Today, there is no doubt in saying that the standard of education is getting better because of the education schemes being provided by the government.


Educational schemes and their needs:

To achieve the universalization of elementary education, the govt., from to time, has brought about many schemes that ensure an equitable education for all. The main aim of these educational schemes is to improve access to good education by expanding good schools, promoting equity and improving basic quality education for all. Here are a few schemes for education in India.

1. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan: This program was introduced in 2001 and is one of the biggest educational programs. It was started to provide useful and elementary education for all children in the 6-14 age groups by 2010 and it is quite successful. 

The basic idea behind this scheme is to close the social, regional and gender gaps present in society by increasing the active participation of different communities in the management of schools.

Analyses of data, research findings and evolution studies conducted by different organisations reveal that the program has been quite successful in achieving its goal. Around 192 million children of 1.1 million habitations have been benefitted with this scheme.

2. Padhna Likhna Abhiyan: A new scheme of adult education has been introduced by Hon'ble HRD minister Naresh Pokhriyal in the financial year 2020-2021.

The primary objective of this programme is to impart functional literacy to 57 lakh adult illiterates aged 15 and above under a basic literacy programme for a period of one the year 2020-2021.

Last year, HRD minister said that the programme would be a leap forward for achieving its goal by 2030.

3. One School, One IAS: A recently organised scheme by top academics and retired IAS and IPS officers, seeking to “demolish the general notion that Civil Services are for the elite class alone”.
The said the programme aims to provide free training to economically backward, but academically bright aspirants of Civil Services and other competitive exams.
The programme was recently inaugurated by Kerala governor Mohammad Arif Khan in January.

4. Inclusive education for Specially Abled: Inclusive education is a model approach to educating students with disabilities. Under the inclusion model, students with disabilities spent most of all their time with normal students.
Keeping in view the idea, govt. of India had started a scheme of inclusive education for Specially Abled students at secondary stage in 2009-10.
It provided assistance for the inclusive education of the Specially Abled in class IX-Xll. The scheme is now subsumed under Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan from 2013.
It must be noted here that the population of Specially Abled persons in India is large and their Special Abilities are so complex, with available resources so scarce and social attitudes so demanding. That’s why the road to achieve inclusive education in India is a long and varied one.


1.     Mostly, there are reports of officials related to these schemes who have misused the funds of govt.
2.     There is no monitoring of the smooth functioning of the scheme.
3.     There is no proper management of the schemes.
Way Forward: 
As mentioned above, there are many other schemes have brought about by our government for better and quality education for primary and higher education also. However, despite this high number of educational schemes, when it comes to implementation of these schemes, only a few have shown positive results. No doubt, India is gaining momentum in education all over the world today but still, it needs to take some necessary initiatives to achieve the goal of quality education.

Thank You !!

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